In May & June 2019, under the MACBIO Programme (conducted by GIZ, IUCN & SPREP in 5 Pacific island nations, including Kiribati), Dr. Martin Falke, a geologist & consultant from GIZ (German Organization for International Cooperation), working at ECD within that programme for a 2 year period since December 2018, conducted two QGIS (Quantum Geographic Information System) trainings for map establishment at the ECD for a total of 28 MELAD division staff from ECD, LMD, ALD, PIPA and PPU.
QGIS is an open source free of cost available software, widely used in the Pacific region.
A first QGIS Training (with QGIS 2.18.11 version) was conducted for beginners from May 13 to 17, 2019, covering the following learning objectives:
- Introduction to Geographic Information System
- Spatial Representation and Relationships
- Coordinate Systems and Projections
- Importance of Geospatial Data
- Differentiation between vector and raster data
- Installation of QGIS Software 2.18.11 and run it
- Get an overview of the basic tools
- Choose and understand the adequate projection
- Use tools to access feature information
- Basic Vector Styling
- Creation of QGIS maps from data files
- Conduction of map creation exercises: Fiji/ Viti Levu, Kiribati/Tarawa, Kiribati/ Kiritimati
A second QGIS Advanced Training (with QGIS 2.18.11 version) was conducted from June 12 to 14, 2019, covering the following learning objectives:
- Use of Google Earth for digitizing, mapping & report visualization
- Combination of Google Earth and QGIS projects
- Vector Data Creation (Digitizing from Satellite Images and online geo browsers)
- Working with GPS Data/ Field Data Processing/ Integration into QGIS Projects
- Spatial Analysis (in QGIS & Google Earth)
- Plugins and Extensions in QGIS
- Working with different Data Formats
- Georeferencing Maps & Aerial Images
- Developing a 3D Project
- Using Mobile Phones for Field Data Collection (with QField Plugin & Kobo Mobile App Toolkit)
- Creating Tsunami & Flood Risk Maps
- Integrating GIS into conservation efforts (EIA, Solid & Liquid Waste Management, Marine Spatial Planning)
Dr. Falke also provided MACBIO documents, GIS raw data & maps for the participants and for the ECD data bank server. The data sets include raw data and maps for Tarawa, Kiritimati & 15 Gilbert Islands.
Those maps and data can be used by the ECD units (WACMOS, BCU, CCU, LCS, EOU and including an own newly established GIS unit) for the establishment of thematic GIS maps, according to their projects and needs. This will require a close cooperation with the Lands Division, who have additionally required data sets and satellite images.
Furthermore, an MPA (Marine Protected Area)-map establishment, including KBAs, EBSAs, SUMAs and 65 Bioregions in Kiribati waters can be considered, in cooperation with MFMRD/Fisheries (Geology Division), according to the MACBIO MSP (Marine Spatial Planning) approach, as outlined in MACBIO documents & guidelines (e.g. a 10step toolkit), provided by Dr. Falke.
This map establishment will require close cooperation with MFMRD plus data exchange and shall be discussed in planned monthly national GIS roundtable meetings, under participation of GIS units of MELAD, MFMRD and all other Kiribati ministries.