Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer is an international agreement derives under the 1985 Vienna Convention for the protection of the ozone layer. It was signed by more than 190 countries, including Kiribati, in which they agree to implement the requirements and targets of the Montreal Protocol at the national level.
“Saving all life under the sun” is an international ozone day theme for this year 2017. The international ozone day falls on the 16th of September every year in which all countries that are party to the Montreal Protocol are required to celebrate this event within their nation. The ozone day celebration is regarded as an event to honor those countries’ efforts and commitments they have given in protecting the essential ozone layer. This year ozone day is very important to all parties as it marks the 30th Anniversary of Montreal Protocol existence since 1987.
Therefore, Kiribati through the Environment and Conservation Division, as a party to the Montreal Protocol, will celebrate this Ozone day this week starting from 11th September – 16th September 2017 in commemorating of the 30th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer. The following activities will be conducted on South Tarawa as part of the international ozone day celebration for this year 2017:
- School visit to conduct ODS awareness to Form 5s and 6s students.
- Radio awareness to the public on ODS and Ozone day information.
- Ozone day banner will be displayed publicly.
- Actual celebration at the Bairiki Square on the 15th September 2017: (i) Display and dissemination of awareness materials to the public, (ii) Ozone day Awareness drama will be performed by young dancers, (iii)Demonstration of good servicing practices by local technicians.
Environment Inspection Unit (EIU) Staff Gave a Shot on Littering to The Local Market users
It was early on Thursday Morning, the 15th of June 2017 around 8:00am, when EIU (Environment Inspection Unit) Staff attended a complaints from the public against Market Users in Bikenibeu, sited in front of the KGV & EBS High School. It was a perfect timing as there were many people when they arrived. There were couple of times within this week, where they went and attends the call but fail to identify the suspect at all times.
Since the suspect did not show up again this morning, they took another route by taking a chance to raise the Awareness on Littering to those who presents that morning on a Full Swing.
They gave a reminder on every components and consequences on Littering. In terms of the Environment Act, Littering was considered an offence, and if anyone is found breaching the Act, He/ She will definitely face a charge of $50.00. It was kind of the EIU staffs where they gave an awareness instead of the enforcement to those Market Users as a LAST WARNING.
Thanks to EIU for always playing their role efficiently. YOUR EFFORT IS MUCH APPRECIATED
MELAD Honorable Minister, Alexander Teabo delivering a remarkable statement at the United Nations Oceans Conference Side Event in New York
A side event in New York called Going to Scale in the Ocean: From Large scale MPAs to whole domain management – Ridge to Reef was held at the margins of the UN Ocean conference on 07th of June and attended by many participants across the World. The event was organized and hosted by Cook Island in consultation with several potential partners including Kiribati.
Honorable Minister Alexander Teabo participated in this side event as one of the panelists from the Pacific Island Countries. Panelists were given an opportunity to share their experiences about setting up their large scale MPAs. Honorable Minister Alexander Teabo in his statement about PIPA said “With only one fishing patrol boat across more than 3 million square km many said PIPA could not be done” nodding many heads in the room with surprises when heard about the culmination of PIPA in 2014 with its full closure to all commercial fishing.
The sentiment shared through high level statements was quite touching to a few alluring them to share their emotional and great experiences about their ocean and how they locally manage it.
Witnessing the side event from Kiribati are Honorable Minister for Fisheries and Marine Resources Development, Tetabo Nakara and his officials, MELAD team including the PIPA trust Executive Director and the Kiribati Mission representative Mr Baraniko Baaro. The assistance of the Permanent Resident to the UN, Mrs Makurita Baaro in finalizing the Minister’s statement has been greatly valued.
The event adjourned at 3pm, New York time.
Commemoration of World Environment Day, Monday 5th June 2017
Monday 5th June 2017, earmarks and highlights one of the important international events so called the World Environment Day which usually celebrated annually at the global level on the 5th June. “Connecting people to Nature” is a global theme for commemoration of this World Environment Day for this year 2017. The chosen theme will inspire most of the people living in this world to try and reconnect themselves with a simple wonders of the natural world. A message from the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, convey some important remarks relevant to the theme which has highlighted the significance of our natural resources and the goods and services they provide for our livelihood and our continual survival. We lived in this world and we often connect ourselves with our natural environment in different ways. Our health depends ultimately on the ecosystem products and services; therefore we, as people living in this world, we should commit ourselves to play our role in maintaining these services through adopting and practicing number of environment friendly initiatives in our different society, whether as an individual, a community, a church group, an NGO, a youth as well as a Government body, so we can show what we can achieved when we worked together.
Kiribati is among the countries celebrating World Environment Day this year through the support from MELAD – Environment & Conservation Division. The commemoration will start soon on the 26th – 30th June where the ministry will execute number of programs and activities at the national level.
Private Sectors Workshop on Pollution Minimization
24th March 2017, The MELAD through its Environment & Conservation Division hosted an interactive, collaborative workshop with private sectors to identify future pathways which can lead to successful solutions to the issue of chemical and waste disposal/pollution activities which is among the critical environment issues made by private sectors on Tarawa. The workshop had brought together around 20 representatives from the private sectors such as local importers, gas stations companies, mechanical workshop companies, motels, etc. with the aim of brainstorming and generating innovative ideas and opportunities to achieve environmental protection through waste minimization. Another important objective/aim of this workshop is to strengthen collaboration with these private sectors to start working together to adopt environment friendly initiatives within their respective companies. At the end of the workshop, it was very interesting that these private sectors have got a grasp on the environment regulation and learn more about the issues of pollution which is very crucial to understand while operating their businesses and to be able to carefully consider the environment in their daily operations. They were also able to develop a plan on how to deal with waste issues they could come across. The ECD wishes to acknowledge the support of those participating in the workshop and it is expected that those participants will make use of insights from the workshop to improve on their waste management within their respective companies. This workshop was funded by government through MELAD.
Mangrove Planting with Kai-Ataibwai Community
Mangrove planting was one of the world-wide voluntary activities which has played a major role in coastal protection. It has been considered one of the successful adaptation and mitigation measures to global issues of Climate change.
Kai-Atabwai community has step towards adopting affordable adaptation measure and has initiated to deliver one of the most environmentally friendly service by simply doing mangrove planting. Among the most registered communities on South Tarawa, Kai-Ataibwai has volunteered to do mangrove planting for the first time this year.
With the greatest voluntary assistance of ECD officials, together they have planted 375 mangrove seedlings at Ananau Causeway around 11-12am on Saturday 13th May 2017.
The Environment & Conservation Division has confirmed after its 2nd visit to Onomaru Butaritari in March this year 2017, one of the village’s achievement regarding the completion of their community-based mangrove management plan as well as the village’s constitution to be enforced by the village in supporting the implementation of the CBMMP. These two pieces of work have marked a great achievement made by the village which may have contributed a lot to support and provide them with future pathways on how to protect and conserve their environment through protecting and maintaining the life of their mangrove ecosystem.
This has been the 2nd village where the CBMMP developed after being first trialed on the village of Nooto in North Tarawa. These villages were chosen to be part of the project implementation based on the result of past consultations conducted on these two islands where the villagers through their council representatives are the only ones willing to accept the project to be implemented on their village using their own efforts and available resources without the need of any financial support from the Kiribati Government. The project is funded by KAPIII while implementation was fully supported by Environment & Conservation Division of MELAD including relevant partners from the government.
The development of Onomaru community-based mangrove management plan (CBMMP) involved a consultation process with the Butaritari Island Clerk and with the village’s councilor followed by an exciting 3 day workshop conducted in the first visit October last year by ECD team to the villagers. During the second visits of the team to the island in March this year, the team was just focus on presenting the two documents (CBMMP and Constitution) to the village members for their review and finalization before taking the next steps for approval of these two important documents.
The CBMMP and Constitution are hoped to be effective by this year 2017 where the village can start implementing their community based mangrove management plan as well and enforcing their village constitution to strengthen the protection of their environment and the social welfare of their people.
The plan for the two policy documents is to be presented to the Butaritari Island Council once they were finalized and if these could be adopted by the other villages once this agreed by the councilors from the rest of the villages in Butaritari.
National workshop on finalizing the National Action Plan on land degradation and drought
The Environment and Conservation Division (ECD) of the MELAD is holding a 3 day national workshop, 14 – 16 April 2017, to finalize the National Action Plan (NAP) to Combat Land Degradation and to mitigate the Effects of Drought. Attending the workshop are stakeholders from relevant government ministries and NGOs including private sectors. The workshop discuss and validate priority land degradation and drought issues including the causes and drivers, and setting the targets and formulating practical key activities to address the issues of land degradation and drought in Kiribati in the next 5 years, 2017 – 2022. Coordination and monitoring of the NAP implementation are also discussed in the session. The workshop is financially supported by UNEP and facilitated by the independent consultant, Mr Tepa Suaesi from Samoa, and the ECD Kiribati being a party to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, is required to formulate its National Action Plan to address and mitigate the issues with land degradation and drought, and to align it with the UNCCD 10-year strategy. Kiribati hopes to have its NAP formulated and finalized by the end of March 2017.
Launching of the Project – Enhancing Food Security in the Context of Global Climate Change, Maiana.
A team of 12 officials from government and UNDP have returned from Maiana, after conducting groundbreaking consultations for the project Enhancing Food Security in the Context of Global Climate Change, with the full Island Council on November 9 and island representatives on November 10th at Tebangetua village. Fifteen members (15) of the full Island Council from Tekaranga to Bubutei wards and the islet Tebikerai met with the team during the launch. Ecotourism activities was one of the interests of some Councilors when discussions centred on provision of hospitality services in future including meeting Te Mauri Mark, the national tourism standard for accommodations. Internal trade on local produce was another interest discussed focusing on registration for commercial business for both the short and long term licences. A Councilor proposed for establishment of a local market on the island. The second consultation with the village wards’ representatives had a turnout of more than 40 participants from the Elders’ group, Women, Youth, schools, and some Government officials stationed on the island. From the discussions, participants had an interest in agricultural activities, aquaculture, in particular milkfish farming, and internal trade on local produce to S/Tarawa. In a closing remark made by one Elder, appreciation was conveyed for re-introducing cultural and traditional ways of planting, preparing and preserving local food that is now being eroded and about to disappear due to changes in life style and dependency on imported food. The Government was thanked for continuing to assist its people to build their resilience towards the adverse impacts of climate change. Fisheries officials managed to make a site visit of the Bubutei village fishpond which require maintenance and could be assisted by the project. The consultations marked the commencement of this project to raise awareness of the islanders so they are well informed of the activities that Government will be rolling out, to build their adaptive capacity and enhance their food security in light of climate change. The project is executed by the Ministry of Environment, Lands and Agricultural Development (MELAD), with other implementing partners from Office of Te Beretitenti (OB), Ministry of Information, Communications, Transport and Tourism Development (MICTTD), Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Co-operatives (MCIC), Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA), Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources Development (MFMRD) and Ministry of Education (MoE). The team had completed its round of launching the project at the three outer islands, Abemama and Nonouti, selected for piloting the project. Some Ministries had already rolled out their first activities on these islands this quarter while the rest will commence in the new year. The 5-year project has US$4.45 million dollar funding provided by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) while UNDP, provided US$140,000.
UPOPs Fun Run
“REDUCE OPEN BURNING” the theme which was supported by an exciting fun run on Saturday 22nd October this year. This theme is an extraction from one of Kiribati Government’s Project namely Unintended Persistent Organic Pollutants (UPOPs) which was operated under the Ministry of Environment Lands and Agricultural Developments through its Environment and Conservation Division Unintended Persistent Organic Pollutants (UPOPs) is a project which focuses on the reduction of burning all sorts of waste materials at places in which people are exposed to the smoke released. The fun run held in favor of this project intends to create more awareness towards this ongoing project and to build the capacity of the people on how the smoke from open burning comes with chemicals that are harmful to our health and can cause various kinds of sicknesses in our body. Participants and supporters during the fun run are officers from The Environment and Conservation Division (ECD), children of the Taekwando Club from KNOC, youths and more who are keen to join and support the awareness of UPOPs during that day. The fun run started from the gathering spot where the TUC Council is located and ended at Bairiki Square where everyone rests and refreshments were served. It is quite expected that from this awareness fun run, the people of Kiribati inclusion of youngsters will grow to understand that burning of any waste materials both organic and inorganic are harmful to our health when inhaling the released smoke which carries unseen toxic chemicals. Also the project aims to encourage the people in supporting the reduction of Open Burning for securing the health of their family especially young ones and for maintaining a healthy environment for the generations of Kiribati.
Launching of the LDCF Project
Enhancing Food Security in the Context of Global Climate Change, Nonouti. A team of 10 officials from various government ministries and UNDP have returned from Nonouti after conducting groundbreaking consultations with the full Island Council on October 27 and island representatives on October 28th at Matang village, for the project Enhancing Food Security in the Context of Global Climate Change. Thirteen members (13) of the full Island Council from Temotu to Benuaroa wards and the islet Abamakoro came to the launch. Coastal erosion was voiced as a major concern. internal trade on local products was welcomed but there was request for transport of such to be improved. cleaning of the island from sources of pollution, such as plastics and e-waste which are undertaken on S/Tarawa, were suggested to form part of the project. Causeways were observed by the islanders to be the cause in the decline of their marine resources and hence request was made if this could also be addressed. The second consultation with the village wards’ representatives had a turnout of more than 50 participants from the Elders’ group, Women, Youth, schools, as well as co-operatives from the fishing, agricultural and copra associations, and some Government officials stationed on the island. Participants had an interest in agricultural activities ranging from preparation of the planting plot, finding alternate sources of moisture to trees during dry spells, hosting of gene banks and concern with poultry disease infecting many chickens in some villages. The consultations marked the commencement of this project to raise awareness of the islanders so they are well informed of the activities that Government will be rolling out, to build their resilience and enhance their food security in light of climate change. The project is executed by the Ministry of Environment, Lands and Agricultural Development (MELAD), with other implementing partners from Office of Te Beretitenti (OB), Ministry of Information, Communications, Transport and Tourism Development (MICTTD), Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Co-operatives (MCIC), Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA), Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources Development (MFMRD) and Ministry of Education (MoE). The team will be visiting Maiana in mid-November for the same mission. The 5-year project has US$4.45 million dollar funding provided by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) while UNDP, provided US$140,000.
Enhancing of Food Security in the context of Global Climate Change at Abemama. A team of 11 officials from various government ministries have returned from Abemama after conducting groundbreaking consultations with the full Island Council on October 19 and island representatives on October 20th at Kariatebike village, for the project Enhancing Food Security in the Context of Global Climate Change. A statement from the Environment and Conservation Division (ECD) of the Ministry of Environment, Lands and Agricultural Development says the full Island Council meeting attracted 16 members from Kabangaki to Tokamauea wards and the islet of Abatiku in which a concern was voiced by some Councillors on the lack of appropriate measures to manage the unsustainable harvesting of marine resources. As it is still early days for the newly elected Council to begin its work, this issue will be one of the many issues to be addressed once their Mayor has been elected, to develop a management plan and bye-law that would sustain their marine resources in light of climate change. The second consultation with the village wards’ representatives had a turnout of more than 80 participants from the Elders’ group, Women, Youth, schools of which there were 4 Primary schools, 1 JSS and 3 Senior Secondary schools, as well as co-operatives from the fishing, agricultural and copra associations. Participants believed that there have been dramatic declines and disappearances of certain marine resources, especially the fish spawn runs, due to the development of causeways closing the natural channels of the island that the people of Abemama were used to. The consultations marked the commencement of this project to raise awareness of the islanders so they are well informed of the activities that Government has rolled out, for the benefit of the present and future generations. The project is executed by the Ministry of Environment, Lands and Agricultural Development (MELAD), with other implementing partners from Office of Te Beretitenti (OB), Ministry of Information, Communications, Transport and Tourism Development (MICTTD), Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Co-operatives (MCIC), Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA), Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources Development (MFMRD) and Ministry of Education (MoE). The team will be visiting Nonouti today for the same mission. The 5-year project has US$4.45 million dollar funding provided by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the implementing agency, UNDP, provided US$140,000.
Kiribati participated in the IUCN World Conservation Congress
More than 10,000 participants, including presidents, ministers, scientists, business representatives and thousands of representatives from government and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) converged in Honolulu Hawaii from 1 to 10 September 2016 in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) World Conservation Congress. The congress was hosted by the United Sates. The theme of the Congress, “Planet at the Crossroads,” focused on the recently agreed collective challenge of attaining the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) during the next 15 years. Kiribati was also participated in the congress through a representative from the PIPA Project Implementation Office, and a Kiribati national who is working at the MACBIO Project (Marine and Coastal Biodiversity Management in Pacific Island Countries) whose office is based in Suva, Fiji. Kiribati is also one of the MACBIO partner countries. Through the MACBIO project, Kiribati, among other country partners, was able to present the overview of its work under the project in the Congress. Full details of the session can be viewed through this link http://macbio-pacific.info/2016/09/15/valuing-planning-oceans-world-conservation-congress/
ECD to boost internal capacity on Environment Act enforcement
The Environment Inspection Unit of the Environment and Conservation Division (ECD) had conduct a training to the new officers on the Environment Act. The training is aimed at enhancing the capacity of the new officers of ECD to ensure they build and had confident in enforcing the provisions of the Environment Act. As a key enforcement arm of ECD this training is one of the key responsibilities of the Environment Inspection Unit to support, improve and strengthen ECD effort and capacity in law enforcement. The training ran for half day and was attended by the new officers including few existing staff who need refresher training on the Environment Act. The content of the training does not restrict to the Environment Act enforcement procedures but also cover the relevant contents of the National Conditions Services as well as customer services which were delivered by the Senior Assistant Secretary of MELAD who also participated in the training.
Kiribati To Celebrate The International Day For The Preservation Of The Ozone Layer
The International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer has been celebrated since the 1994 around the world and was established by the United Nations General Assembly. This day is held and celebrated every September 16 to mark the day back in 1987 when the Montreal Protocol was signed. The Montreal Protocol is an International Agreement which aims at restoring the ozone layer by controlling the production and consumption of the Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) gases. Kiribati is also a party to the Montreal Protocol. The Day is mainly intended to spread awareness of the depletion of the Ozone Layer and search for solutions to preserve it. In celebrating the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer in Kiribati, the Environment and Conservation Division will set up a showcase booth at the Bairiki Square on the 16th of September 2016 for awareness raising and display activities to the general public. The booth will display awareness materials on ozone depleting substances (ODS) and to provide live awareness presentations, shows and dramas on Ozone Depleting Substances. In this year’s celebration, the ECD will be joined by its Stakeholders, mainly private businesses and government institutions who are the primary importers and users of the ODS gases. They will display the type of ODS gases they use in refrigeration and air conditioning, how they handle ODS gases in real work situations, and they will also provide free repair services to the public on refrigeration and air conditioning. The theme for this year’s celebration is “Ozone and Climate – Restored by a World United”
Kiribati Prepares For The World Clean Up Day
The Environment and Conservation Division of the Ministry of Environment Lands and Agricultural Development is making preparations to join the rest of the countries around the globe in the world clean up day. The World Clean Up Day will fall from the 16th – 18 of September 2016. Part of the plan for the preparation is to engage all government ministries, schools, Youth and Church Groups including NGOs and local communities in the clean up campaign and activities. They will be assigned with clean up sites and dates where they will go out and join hands with people around the globe in cleaning up the world. The theme for the World Clean Up Day for 2016 is “Our Place, Our Planet, Our Responsibility”
Environment And Conservation Division Embarks To Enforce Littering At Public Places.
The Environment and Conservation Division (ECD) had embarked to enforce littering at public places following series of awareness and consultations to the general public on littering. Under the national environment legislation, littering at public places is an offence and carries a penalty fine ranging from $10.00 to $500.00. Anyone found or seen litter at public places will be issued with a penalty fine notice on the spot. Enforcing the provision on littering at public places is still a challenge for the ECD since the enactment of the legislation. This is due to a limited number of enforcement staff versus the scope of the area to be policed and other enforcement responsibilities under the legislation. The lack of cooperation by the public to observe the provision on littering is also another issue the ECD is facing. In August 2016, the ECD had embarked on the new strategy or approach to try effectively enforced the provision on littering. This is through partnering with relevant institutions that have the potential to assist with the enforcement. Two security firms namely the Kiribati Security Services (KSS), and the Tungaru Security Services (TSS), together with enforcement officers (formerly known as village wardens) from the Betio Town Council (BTC) and Teinainano Urban Council (TUC) have been earmarked to assist with the enforcement of littering under the environment act. This is through empowering them by appointing them as Environment Inspectors. On the 17th and 18th of August 2016, a training was provided by the ECD in collaboration with the Office of the Attorney General to TSS, KSS, BTC, and TUC on the enforcement of littering (pictured)
Final consultations and discussions are still underway with the named institutions and at the ministerial level to formalize the appointment of these institutions. Part of the consultation is the preparation of the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the ECD and the four institutions on the enforcement of littering.